Archive for the ‘MSRE’ category

Overcoming Public Speaking Anxiety

June 25, 2018

by Hellina Gesese, UNL McNair Graduate Assistant

By this point in MSRE, you have planned, prepped, and worked hard to create an effective and engaging presentation; all that is left now is the delivery. When thinking of presenting, most of us get excited to share our work with others but many of us also get nervous at the thought of public speaking. Approximately 75% of people experience some symptoms of public speaking anxiety, so you are not alone in this fear.

Pubic speaking anxiety looks different in different people. Some people feel anxious while preparing for their presentation, often imagining worst case scenarios, fixating on thoughts of failure, and end up dreading the event. Others experience physical symptoms such as increased heart rate, shakiness, dry mouth, and sweating. This is all to say, the anxiety you feel may be expressed in different ways and that is completely okay. Better yet, there are just as many ways to manage and reduce your public speaking anxiety! Here are a few strategies to try out.

Think Positive

Sometimes we are our worst enemy, especially when it comes to evaluating ourselves in areas that we feel we do not excel. Anxiety often leads us to evaluate our success according to our fears instead of our abilities. To reduce the impact of our fears, we need to challenge our negative thoughts or self-critical statements by intentionally engaging in positive self-talk and constructive thoughts. Essentially, you need to become your own best friend. Say and do for yourself what you would say to a friend or family member who is feeling the way you are.

Rehearse and Visualize

Part of what makes us nervous about public speaking is all the unknowns. Where should I stand? What will I do if my laptop stops working? What if no one laughs at my jokes? Not knowing what to expect can amp up our nerves and make us feel unprepared. The best way to work through possible obstacles is to be prepared, to know as much about the process as will make you feel good about presenting. So, gather up your friends to get feedback on your presentation, talk to yourself in the mirror, line up the chairs in a classroom to create an ‘audience’ and rehearse, rehearse, rehearse. Once you feel well-prepared, trust in your abilities and your preparation.

If you still find yourself feeling lost or nervous, run through the steps in your head. Visualize yourself giving your presentation. Visualize a confident, well-prepared, and wildly successful speech. If negative scenarios intrude, visualize the problem and how you would solve it and move on to still give a great presentation.

Ground Yourself

One common effect of nerves is feeling as if time is speeding up or slowing down right before the presentation. Feeling anxious often causes us to focus inward and lose sight of our audience. In fact, many times you may power through a speech or presentation and not have a clear memory of it. Other times, you may feel so focused on what you are thinking and feel like you cannot remember what you practiced. Grounding can help bring back the focus to the present moment.

At the start of your presentation, take a moment to notice the physical sensations in your body: your heart rate, breathing, posture, etc. Acknowledge how your body is feeling and take a few deep breaths. When you are ready, shift your attention outward and notice your surroundings. Look around you and notice details near and far. Take a good look at the audience, those close to you and far, get a good feel for the environment. Find a physical touchstone (e.g., the podium, your blazer, etc.) to ground yourself whenever you make a mistake or need to re-group. Take another deep breath and own the space.

Strike a Power Pose

This is hands down my favorite quick tip to feel good and lighten up before a presentation. Strike a power pose: feet apart, hands on hips, chest out (you Grey’s Anatomy fans will know what I am talking about). Basically, do your best Superhero pose, take deep breaths, and have fun.

There are many other techniques to help reduce public speaking anxiety. Be sure to try out a few to find what works best for you. For more ideas and strategies on how to manage public speaking anxiety visit:


Four Tips to Revise Your Papers

June 20, 2018

Keshia Mcclantoc, McNair Graduate Assistant

So, you’ve written your manuscript, gotten feedback from your mentor and McNair graduate assistants, and now it’s time to edit and revise your manuscript. Depending on what type of writer you are, editing/revising can either be one of your favorite parts of writing or one of your least favorite parts. You’ve already put in the work of writing your manuscript, now it’s time to polish it until your writing shines.

Although both your mentors and the McNair program staff will help you when it comes to polishing your paper, the real editing and revision work comes down to you. You are the only one responsible for making your manuscript the best it can be. Here are four editing and revising tips to help you improve your writing.

Read your paper out loud. Although it seems silly, reading your paper out loud can help you catch things that your mind would normally skip over when reading in your head. By verbally reading your paper, you can catch grammatical or sentence level mistakes you may not have noticed before. You can figure out whether some sentences seem too long or short. You’ll notice when something sounds off while reading it this way because it forces you to listen to your paper. Things that make sense on paper may not be as clear when spoken, so reading your paper aloud is a sure way to find these errors. Take your time, read your paper slowly, and listen to what you are saying.

Do a reverse outline. A reverse outline is a way to make sure that your argument is consistent throughout your paper. In a reverse outline, you create an outline based on the paper you have already written, not on a paper you plan on writing. You do this by reading each paragraph and writing down one sentence per paragraph to describe the main point of that paragraph. You do this for every paragraph in your paper and then you read over the outline you have made. While reading through this outline, ask yourself – does my argument develop cohesively throughout my entire paper? Am I being too repetitive by making one point last across several paragraphs? Is the paper well balanced? Does the outline, by itself, give a complete sense of all of your research? Do these main points all contribute to my hypothesis/thesis? A reverse outline helps you see how your paper was developed and notice any place where you got off track, didn’t focus on something enough, or focused on something too long. A good paper should have a reverse outline that works as a perfect synthesis of the larger paper. If you don’t feel your reverse outline reads as a synthesis, then focus on the paragraphs that seem to be preventing that.

Keep an elephant graveyard. Sounds like the scary place in the Lion King? Well it is. While you are making any revisions, you keep a separate document open to keep track of some of the significant changes you are making. If you are removing substantial chunks from your paper, perhaps a paragraph you think you might not need in your lit review, cut and paste them into another Word document to easily find later. Essentially, you are creating a graveyard for your paper, where significant aspects that were removed or changed can be kept if you decide you want to use them later.  Although using the track changes function in word may help with the same thing, the elephant graveyard gives you an entirely separate and whole document you can pull from. Keeping this document is important because it allows you to ground yourself in your paper by seeing what you needed to cut or change, shows what mistakes to avoid, and shows just how much revision has gone into your paper. Plus, the elephant graveyard can be useful in other ways. Maybe you deleted something that you change your mind on later—just revive it from the graveyard and put it back in. Maybe your paper has gaps that you can’t seem to fill, look over the graveyard and see if anything you cut can fill those gaps. Typically you might only have a few pages of sentences or paragraphs that have removed.  You do not need to include everything you change or edit in your paper, only they major things that you think you might need to be able to easily find in the future.

Revise in parts, not as a whole.  Revision can be tough work, and as such, trying to revise an entire paper in one day can prove tough. The best revision that happens is revision that takes places across several days, with the writer working on certain areas for each day. Although the MSRE deadlines will determine just how many days you have to revise, spreading revision across different chunks of time can help in the long run. It allows your paper to breathe between revision sessions and it allows your mind to rest. It also gives you time to put in several sessions of quality revision instead of a single rushed session where not all errors can be addressed.

Revising can be intimidating, especially after you’ve spent so much time crafting your manuscript. However, being open to change and using some of the above tips can really help you produce a well-edited and revised manuscript. Remember to take your time and put in the quality work needed to help your paper shine.




How McNair Prepared Me for Grad School and Life

June 7, 2018

By Keshia Mcclantoc, UNL McNair Graduate Assistant

Before I found the McNair Scholars Program, I had no idea how I was going to get into graduate school. I knew that my ultimate goal was to be a professor and that would require graduate school but had little to no knowledge about how to do so. As a first-generation college student from a low-income background, even getting into my undergraduate institution was an uphill battle. Discovering the McNair Scholars Program was the first solid resource that would help me achieve my goal of being a professor.

I was a McNair Scholar at the University of Montevallo in Alabama from 2015-2017. During this time, I did two MSRE projects with the program. I liked doing research so much that I completed two other extensive undergraduate research projects separate from the program so that by the time I graduated, I had four unique research experiences to take with me to graduate school. Overall, what the McNair Program gave me most was the ability to love research.

2018-6-7_Keisha_BlogPostBefore doing MSRE projects, research seemed like another classroom task to perform. It was something I would do for two weeks or so to prepare for writing longer seminar papers, but never something I was fully invested in. The McNair Program taught me that research was a tangible thing; that it was a process I was fully part of, not just something to perform. Doing MSRE gave me the opportunity to fully invest myself in subjects I wanted to explore, cultivating myself as a researcher who had something concrete to say. The McNair Program gave me the time and opportunity to learn this new part of myself; I wasn’t just a student anymore. At the end, I did have something tangible. I had an extensive research paper I could submit to journals for publication, a presentation I could bring to conferences, and had fostered a relationship with a mentor who would later write me a letter of recommendation.

As a graduate student, and a future professor, the bulk of the work you’ll do in academia will be research-based. Though the level of research varies from institution and fields, it is an integral part of being in academia. My experiences with the McNair Program not only prepared me for the level of research work that is expected of me in graduate school but also helped push me above and beyond. Many members of my graduate cohort are just now starting to learn that research is a palpable process. By working with the McNair Program during my undergraduate years, I have the research know-how that continues to push me further in graduate school.

Beyond research, the McNair Program prepped me for graduate school in a multitude of other ways. The resources and tools I found in the program were something I wouldn’t have had access to otherwise.

Standardized testing had never been my forte, but with the GRE instruction and help provided by the McNair Program I was able to earn scores that made me a competitive applicant. Without the program’s assistance on the GRE, both with study resources and financial help, I likely would have performed poorly. Outside of GRE prep, I learned how to do elevator speeches, how to connect with other scholars and professors at conferences, and practiced interview skills needed to bolster campus visits. The McNair Program gave me the networking skills needed to be a competitive candidate who professors and admissions committees could be impressed by.

The McNair Program also helped me identify graduate programs. I found different ways to connect with institutions across the United States by emailing and contacting professors and graduate students. I narrowed my focus and honed my research areas, looking for the programs I would best connect with. Although the process of finding the right schools seemed tedious at times, with the encouragement and assistance by the McNair Program I was able to develop a list of institutions where I would fit. I never would have been able to find my place without the help I found in this program.

Above all, my experience as a McNair Scholar gave me the assurance that graduate school was the place I wanted to be. I entered undergrad knowing I wanted to be a professor but unsure how to approach it, unsure of whether I was capable of being successful. As a first-generation college student, I had goals, but it took a long time for me to realize I was worthy of pursuing those goals. The McNair Program was an integral part of understanding my worth as a student, scholar, and future professor. It gave me a concrete resource I could pull from, a network of people who believed in me, and a sense of validation I wouldn’t have gotten anywhere else. Being a graduate student is hard, but without the assurances and resources given to me by the McNair Scholars Program, I never would have made it to a place where I can work hard toward my goals.

One of the reasons I’m still working with the McNair Program as a graduate assistant is because the program gave so much to me and I want to return some of that generosity. This summer may be hard and your responsibilities as a scholar can be overwhelming at times, but I can assure you it will be rewarding in the end. Cherish the resources the program gives to you now and learn as much as you can before you begin your next step. If you’re anything like me, you’ll learn that the program is one that keeps giving even long after you’ve graduated.


How to Stay Organized Throughout MSRE

May 31, 2018

By Keshia Mcclantoc, UNL McNair Graduate Assistant

As a McNair Scholar participating in MSRE, you are shouldered with many responsibilities. Not only are you performing the work of the research itself, but also the work of prepping for the GRE, looking for graduate programs, and perhaps getting a head start on graduate school applications. Summers as a McNair Scholar can be difficult and time-consuming; it is easy to feel lost in so much to do. MSRE is working to mimic the hectic conditions you will face in graduate school where you will be faced with classes of your own, working on your research, and fulfilling your assistantship duties (whether they are teaching or research-based). By using your time with the McNair Program to find organizational strategies that work, you can foster time management habits that will benefit you throughout MSRE and well into graduate school.

Organization_Word Cloud

Here are three tips that will help you think about ways to start organizing during MSRE.

Understand the value of time. As a scholar, you need to understand that everything you do takes up time that has the potential to be valuable. In some cases, this means spending hours in a lab or research. In other cases, this means taking a break to have lunch with friends. Regardless of

what it is happening,

know that the time you are using is valuable. Treating it as such and dedicating your time to those things which will most benefit you is an important part of keeping a balanced schedule and life. Managing your time means asking yourself each day what your time gives you the opportunity to do. Try to see time as something full of opportunities as opposed to something you can waste. Always remember that your time is important and ripe with opportunities to push yourself as both a scholar and person. Don’t just use your time wisely but use it effectively.

Effective Scheduling. The first step toward good organizational habits is making a schedule that works for you. Some people like to make daily to-do tasks, others like to make weekly schedules, and some will do monthly overviews. Find the type of schedule that feels right to you; this is one that is easy to maintain, best addresses what work you need to do, and makes you excited about what is on your plate. Once you figure out what type of schedule you need, there are different ways to keep it on hand. You can write it down in a classic planner, design your own schedule, use a digital tool or an app, or even use pre-made printable that you fill out. The tool you use for maintaining your schedule varies according the type of schedule you have and the tasks you want to accomplish. Even if the idea of making a list of tasks to complete sounds anxiety-inducing, MSRE and graduate school demand a level of attention that other projects will not so in the long run, creating a comprehensive schedule is worth the effort.

Taking Care of Yourself. Organization comes not just from addressing the work you need to do for MSRE but also finding the time to take care of yourself. Having a hectic schedule makes it hard to address very human needs like eating, sleeping, or having fun. While your priority this summer should be completing your MSRE project, it is important not to let it be your only priority. While making your schedule for your MSRE work, write in when you’re going to have lunch or dinner, when you’re going to chill out and watch Netflix for an hour, or even when you need a nap. It’s not about planning out every minute of your day, but it is about making sure you have a comprehensive schedule that addresses your needs both as an academic and as a person.

The best way to manage your time and stay organized is to find the methods that work best for you. There is no one size fits all schedule that could address everyone’s needs, so the best organizational strategy is to find what works best for you. Test out different schedules and calendars, determine whether you want to use planners or apps, decide what your time is worth and how you want to use, and always remember to find the time for both yourself and your research. Staying organized can be overwhelming but learning to make organization a habit can benefit you long after the MSRE process.



Becoming a Productive Researcher: Jump-Starting Your Development

May 23, 2018

by Abe Flanigan, Ph.D., UNL McNair Assistant


As you prepare for the McNair Summer Research Experience (MSRE), it might be helpful for you to reflect on the habits and qualities of productive researchers. During my time as an undergraduate researcher, I often found myself wondering about the things that I should start doing to prepare myself for a career in educational research. In fact, my curiosity about the factors that contribute to research productivity led me and my graduate research advisor to conduct a study in which were interviewed four world-renowned researchers about what makes them so successful (Flanigan, Kiewra, & Luo, 2018). Below, I’ll share a few of their tips, as well as lend my own suggestions for transforming yourself into a confident and productive researcher.

Find your scholarly role model. Each researcher I interviewed identified an influential mentor who helped set them along the path to productivity. Rather than try to

forge their own path, productive researchers aren’t afraid to seek out mentors, learn from them, and attempt to emulate their strategies. Find a mentor who you admire and then pattern yourself after him or her. I owe a lot of credit to a professor of mine at Northwest Missouri State who took me under her wing and showed me how she develops, conducts, and reports her research. Without a mentor, I likely never would have developed the confidence to believe I could pursue graduate-level research.

Block off time each day for research activities. When you get to graduate school, research becomes part of your lifestyle. There isn’t a day that goes by that I don’t read an article, work on a manuscript, or talk to collaborators about our research. One of the researchers I interviewed simply said, “Protect time for research every day. Make it a priority just like going to class, eating, or sleeping.” During MSRE, you’re perfectly situated to learn how to make research part of your daily routine. Don’t let your enthusiasm for research wane once MSRE concludes. Keep going! Even when MSRE is finished, try to devote time every day—whether it’s 30 minutes, an hour, or whatever you have available—to research-related activities. You don’t need to write multiple pages of a manuscript or collect data every single day. But, you can read through a few sections of an article, write or revise small sections of a manuscript, or spend some time just thinking about the direction of your research every day. If you embrace the process, then you’ll have a more enjoyable and productive time as a researcher.

Identify and pursue your passion. Collectively, the productive researchers I interviewed noted that the best researchers are those who are passionate about their area of research and who are motivated self-starters. During MSRE (and beyond), think critically about the topics that you are most passionate about and make those topics the focal points of your research agenda. Even if you find yourself in a situation that is largely directed by your advisor’s ongoing project(s), that doesn’t mean you can’t familiarize yourself with the literature in your area of interest or seek out opportunities to volunteer as part of another team.

Develop a firm grasp of statistics. Statistics didn’t come easy to me. I had to put a lot of time and effort into learning the advanced statistics needed to conduct graduate-level research. And, I had to devote considerable time to learn how to operate SPSS, Mplus, SAS, and other statistical software packages. Unfortunately, most scientific research doesn’t consist entirely of basic t-testing or correlations. For most of you, if you’re serious about pursuing graduate-level research, then you should be prepared to take graduate-level statistics courses. As an undergraduate, learn as much as you can about the statistical software used in your field and try to absorb as much knowledge as you can about statistics. By doing so, you’ll give yourself a head-start on building your statistical proficiency.

Learn about research grant funding. The research funding landscape is vast and can be difficult to navigate when you’re first getting started. If you take a look at the websites for the National Science Foundation, Open Education Database, or National Institutes of Health, then you’ll get an idea of just how big the landscape is. For most of the projects that you’ll work on with your mentors, they probably had to secure research funding to make the project possible. Learn from them about the funding resources they typically use and the process for applying for grants. There will likely never be a time in your career when grant funding doesn’t play a critical role in the life of your research, so try to learn as much as you can!

Hopefully, these five suggestions provide you with some insight on things you can do to jump-start your development as a researcher. Remember research is an incredibly rewarding experience, but requires a lot of time and effort on your part to be successful. Participating in MSRE and the McNair Scholars Program are great ways to start learning about and practicing the five tips outlined here.




McNair Alumni Spotlight: Michelle Haikalis

June 28, 2017

McNair Gave Haikalis the Confidence and Skills to Thrive

Michelle Haikalis (McNair Scholar 2009-2012) earned her master’s degree in clinical psychology from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln in 2014 and is currently pursuing her doctoral degree at UNL in the same field. Below, Michelle describes how the McNair Scholars Program provided her with the confidence to pursue graduate-level study and the skills to thrive in her research and coursework.

The Ronald E. McNair Program was absolutely vital to my success in pursuing a Ph.D. in clinical psychology. Although my mother was unable to finish her undergraduate degree, she taught me about the importance of education in order to develop critical thinking skills and open up doors for career possibilities. Thanks to her, I greatly valued education upon entering college but knew little about post-undergraduate education or how to prepare for it. I would have been lost navigating the process of pursuing a graduate degree alone. Further, because I did not have models in my personal life of people who had attained Ph.D.’s, it was hard for me to know if I had what it took, or could develop the skills needed, to excel at the doctoral level.

The McNair Scholars Program identified my uncultivated potential and filled in the gaps from my background. Specifically, McNair provided me with opportunities to build critical skills necessary for success at the doctoral level and bolstered my confidence so that I would pursue the challenge of graduate school. The intensive research experiences central to the McNair Program helped me to build important research skills and knowledge that have served as an essential foundation—a foundation that I will continue to build upon throughout my career as a clinical scientist.



When Life Hands You Lemons… (and you have a Paper Due)

June 21, 2017

By Jenn Andersen, McNair graduate assistant and UNL McNair Alum

We all know that college (and graduate school) is hard enough on a good day, but what happens when life gets hard too? When you consider the mental and physical health issues many college students face themselves, as well as family issues that happen back home, it can get pretty daunting to be a college student. For example, more than 30% of students in college are dealing with the death of a parent or close friend within the past two years (Balk et al., 2010). Almost 20% of those students are at risk of withdrawing from college (Plaskac et al., 2011).

I’m here to tell you, however, that there is support available to help you get through these situations. I bet you’re asking yourself, “How would she know?”, and it’s because I’ve been there myself. I was diagnosed with Type 1 Diabetes my second semester of grad school, and my Dad passed away from ALS a year later during my second year of grad school. That made for a rough year or so, but I succeeded in earning my Master’s degree and am moving on to my PhD. (more…)